Does health-related quality of life predict injury event?


  • Hamid Soori Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
  • Kambiz Abachizadeh Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran


Children, Quality of life, Unintentional injury


Background: Unintentional injury is a leading threat to children's health. Some human ‎factors have been determined as predictor of unintentional injury. Association ‎between Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) as a human factor and unintentional ‎injuries is unclear. The objective of study is to examine the association between ‎HRQOL and unintentional injuries among primary school children.

Methods: This study was a cross-sectional conducted in Ahwaz, a city in Iran. ‎Overall, 3375 children aged 6-10 years were randomly selected from primary school. ‎HRQOL was measured by 56 items taken from seven domains of Netherlands ‎Organization for Applied Scientific Research Academic Medical Center (TNO AZL) ‎child quality of life (TACQOL) parent form. Parents were interviewed to collect ‎information about incidence, cause and a brief description of injury within the past 12 ‎months prior to the study.‎

Results: The response rate was 3375 of 3792 (89%). There was a significant trend ‎for increasing occurrence of injury with decreasing of HRQOL score (P= Sig). ‎Adjusted OR for injury was significantly higher in very low (2.38, 95% CI: 1.45-‎‎3.86), low (2.18, 95% CI: 1.34-3.56), and medium (1.73, 95%CI: 1.06-2.83) ‎HRQOL groups compared to reference group (very high HRQOL). The median of total ‎HRQOL (P= Sig) and all its domains (P=0.017) (except autonomous functioning) ‎was lower in injured group compared to uninjured one.‎

Conclusions: This study found an association between HRQOL and unintentional ‎injury among primary school children. This is a preliminary finding and further ‎investigations with a well-defined analytical design are needed.‎



How to Cite

Soori, H., & Abachizadeh, K. (2009). Does health-related quality of life predict injury event?. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 1(1), 21–26. Retrieved from



Original Research Article

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