Self-immolation and its adverse life-events risk factors: results from an Iranian population
Keywords:self-immolation, adverse life-events, risk factors
Objective: Despite considerable loss of life by deliberate self-burning in Arab countries, few scholars have examined psychiatric factors such as adverse life events that may be related to self-immolation.
Methods: This case-control study investigated adverse life-events as risk factors for self-immolation patients admitted to a burn center serving the western region of Iran. Variables investigated included the following adverse life-events: unplanned pregnancy, infertility, homelessness, financial hardship, problems with friends, intimate relationship break-up , school or university failure, anxiety about school/university performance, problems at work, personal history of suicide attempts, family history of suicide attempts, individual history of mental disorders, and malignant disease.
Results: Financial hardship (OR = 3.35, 95% CI =1.19-9.90), intimate relationship break-up (OR = 5.45, 95% CI = 1.20-11.99), and personal history of suicide attempts (OR= 7.00, 95% CI = 1.38-35.48) were associated with increased risk of self-immolation.
Conclusion: This study suggests that financial hardship, intimate relationship break-ups, and
Personal history of suicide attempts are risk factors for self-immolation. Other variables studied did not play a role as individually protective or risk factors for self-immolation.
Further study is needed to substantiate findings of this study and direct research toward tailoring culturally sensitive, empirically-supported interventions for prevention of self-immolation.
How to Cite
Copyright. In accordance with Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (released June 20, 2003, available from: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/bethesda.htm), all works published in JIVR are open access and are immediately available to anyone on the website of the journal without cost. JIVR is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.