Meta-analysis of the correlation between personality characteristics and risky driving behaviors

Authors

  • Maryam Akbari Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
  • Kamran B Lankarani Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
  • Seyed Taghi Heydari Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7711-1137
  • Seyed Abbas Motevalian Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Reza Tabrizi Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
  • Zohreh Asadi-Shekari Centre for Innovative Planning and Development (CIPD), Faculty of Built Environment, University Teknologi Malaysia.
  • Mark J.M. Sullman Department of Social Sciences, University of Nicosia, Cyprus.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v11i2.1172

Keywords:

Personality Characteristics, Risky Driving Behaviours, Meta-Analysis

Abstract

Abstract:

Background: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine the relationships risky driving behaviors (RDBs) have with the big five personality factors, sensation seeking and driving anger.

Methods: The PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, Psychinfo, and the Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched. All original studies were retrieved that assessed the relationships RDBs had with the big five personality factors, sensation seeking, and driving anger. Heterogeneity between studies was examined using the Cochran Q statistic and I2 tests. After applying Fisher’s r-to-z transformation, the correlation coefficients (r) were summarized from each study and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated.

Results: Overall, 22 studies were included in the meta-analysis, which included 11211 participants. The results showed that RDBs had a significant negative relationship with agreeableness (r -0.27; 95% CI, -0.36, -0.19; P less than 0.0001), but significant positive relationships with neuroticism (r 0.16; 95% CI, 0.03, 0.29; P=0.584), sensation seeking (r 0.28; 95% CI: 0.23, 0.33; P less than 0.0001) and driving anger (r 0.39; 95% CI: 0.14, 0.64; P=0.002). Conversely, RDBs were not significantly related to extraversion (r -0.01; 95% CI, -0.08, 0.05; P=0.705), conscientiousness (r -0.05; 95% CI, -0.21, 0.12; P=0.584), or openness (r -0.06; 95% CI, -0.12, 0.00; P=0.065).

Conclusions: Therefore, it appears that individuals most likely to engage in risky driving behaviors would be low in agreeableness, but high in neuroticism, sensation seeking and driving anger.

Author Biography

Seyed Taghi Heydari, Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Health Policy Research
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Published

2019-04-28

How to Cite

Akbari, M., Lankarani, K. B., Heydari, S. T., Motevalian, S. A., Tabrizi, R., Asadi-Shekari, Z., & Sullman, M. J. (2019). Meta-analysis of the correlation between personality characteristics and risky driving behaviors. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 11(2), 107–122. https://doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v11i2.1172

Issue

Section

Review Article

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