Bicycle-related traumatic injury hospitalizations: six years descriptive analysis in Qatar

Authors

  • Husham Abdelrahman Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
  • Ayman El-Menyar Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Clinical Research, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2584-953X
  • Brijesh Sathian Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Clinical Research, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
  • Rafael Consunji Injury Prevention Program, Trauma Surgery Section, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
  • Ismail Mahmood Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
  • Mohammed Ellabib Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
  • Hassan Al-Thani Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v11i2.1162

Keywords:

Bicycle-related Traumatic Injuries; helmet; Risk factors, Qatar

Abstract

Abstract:

Background: Bicycle riding is a widely practiced mode of transportation, commuting, competition, fitness and recreation. We aimed to describe the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of Bicycle-Related Traumatic Injury (BRTI) in a Middle Eastern country.

Methods: Data were extracted from a prospectively collected trauma registry over a period of six years (2010- 2015) from the national trauma center. Demographics and clinical characteristics of patients, and outcomes were analyzed.

Results: There were 150 patients with a mean age of 27.2±16.6 years, 98% were males, 86.6% were hit by a car and 8.7% died. The average annual incidence of BRTIs was 1.3 per 100,000 populations. The mean Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) and injury severity score (ISS) were12.7±4.0 and 13.6±9.8; respectively. Almost one-third of cases had an ISS of 9-15. The most commonly injured region was the head (47%) followed by a lower extremity (30%), chest (25%), upper extremity (21.3%), spine (20.7%), abdomen (18.7%) and (7%) pelvis.

Conclusions: BRTI is relatively uncommon in Qatar; however, it is characterized by a distinct epidemiology with a considerable mortality. Young male nationals, recreational cyclists and expatriate young commuter cyclists comprise the majority of victims and should be the focus of primary prevention efforts. Complementary prevention should aim at enforcing helmet laws to reduce fatal head injuries, and educating motorists of safer practices around cyclists.

Downloads

Published

2019-07-07

How to Cite

Abdelrahman, H., El-Menyar, A., Sathian, B., Consunji, R., Mahmood, I., Ellabib, M., & Al-Thani, H. (2019). Bicycle-related traumatic injury hospitalizations: six years descriptive analysis in Qatar. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 11(2), 233–242. https://doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v11i2.1162

Issue

Section

Original Research Article