Preventive measures for fire-related injuries and their risk factors in residential buildings: a systematic review
Keywords:Fires; Residential buildings; Preventive Measures; Injury
Background: Every year, a large number of people lose their lives as a result of fires or become injured seriously. Building fire is believed to be a great threat to residents` safety. The aim of this systematic review is to identify preventive measures for fires - related injuries in residential buildings, taking into account associated risk factors with it.
Methods: In this study, a systematic review of all studies that have been conducted in the field of residential buildings fires, influencing factors and safety procedures being available, was done. From the earliest record to seventh July 2017, databases of PubMed, Web of Science/Knowledge, and Scopus were searched and selected articles included in the study.
Results: A total of 5613 published articles were examined, of which 30 were finally found to have the inclusion criteria. The findings of the study were included in two main groups of preventive measures and risk factors for residential building fires and related injuries. Regarding preventive measures, the factors that raised in most studies were including rule amendments, changes and modification of the environment, behavior change such as emergency exits during fire occurrence, and emergency medical services, and awareness-raising, to reduce the risk of fire related injuries. Also, many of these studies showed that areas with a large number of young children, the elderly, physical and mental patients, people with disabilities, alcohol- and drug- addicts, smoking, single-family households and low-income families, were the risk of fire-related injuries and deaths.
Conclusion: There are found features in residential buildings and residents that can be related to fire hazard and fire-related injuries and deaths. The most important point of this study is to focus on preventive strategies including environmental modification, promotion of safety rules and changes in risk behavior among residents. These important issues should be paid more attention to safety promotion and injury prevention in relation to building fires by policy makers.
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