Preventing paraffin-related injury

Authors

  • David C. Schwebel Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • Dehran Swart The Paraffin Safety Association of Southern Africa, Cape Town

Keywords:

Paraffin, Injury, Safety

Abstract

Paraffin (called kerosene in North America and other parts of the world) is the most commonly used fuel in ‎non-electrified dwellings worldwide.  It is especially popular in Africa and South Asia.   Although paraffin ‎offers many advantages – especially its comparatively low cost to produce – it poses two major risks of ‎injury.  First, paraffin poisoning is common, either through ingestion or through inhalation of smoke and ‎fumes.  Second, paraffin is highly flammable, and poses fire risk through multiple causes.  This commentary ‎discusses strategies to prevent paraffin-related injury.  Prevention of paraffin-related injury must be through ‎multiple strategies, and should include policy-oriented change, changes to the safety of home environments, ‎and behavioral changes targeting how individuals store and use paraffin and paraffin appliances.  We review ‎successful prevention strategies in each of these domains and discuss appropriate research and community ‎initiatives that should be implemented to improve paraffin safety among at-risk populations.

Published

2009-02-16

How to Cite

Schwebel, D. C., & Swart, D. (2009). Preventing paraffin-related injury. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 1(1), 3–5. Retrieved from https://jivresearch.org/jivr/index.php/jivr/article/view/1

Issue

Section

Commentary

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