Exposure to Physical Violence between Parents and its relationship with Adult's Self-Esteem

Nasrin Shahedifar (swshahedi@gmail.com)
Social Welfare, University of Social Welfare and Rehabitation Sciences
March, 2007
She gained the fourth rank in the national enterance test, and graduated her MA degree in Social Welfare with 17.17/20, with high interesting in research and study.


Background: The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of exposure to physical violence between parents on adult's self-esteem.

Method: The study was a retrospective questionnaire survey. Data collected from a probability sample of second and third year graduate students (n=177) of human and social faculty in Tabriz. The inventory of exposure to physical violence between parents was utilized to collect related information on exposure to inter parental physical violence and inter parental violence witnessed by objects during childhood and adolescence. Also the Coopersmith Self Esteem Scale was used to measure four human areas of objects' self esteem (family, educational, social and general).

Results: Research results demonstrated that students who exposed to inter parental physical violence (25.8% of female students, 45.5% of male students) had significantly lower family self-esteem than participants did not report such witness (Pvalue=0.006). Male participants who exposed to inter parental physical violence reported lower educational self-esteem than those exposed none at all (Pvalue=0.018). No significant 4-area self-esteem differences were resulted between witnessed and non witnessed female participants.

Conclusion: According to the findings, graduate students lower family self-esteem and lower educational self-esteem for male graduate students are considered in families with inter parental physical violence during childhood and adolescence. Therefore, it
seems to be necessary to interfere in order to prevent its progress and following consequences according to the post traumatic stress disorder theory, emotional security hypothesis and social earning theory.

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