The role of urban space in cultural development of historic fabric

Atoosa Modiri (at_modiri@yahoo.com)
Architecture & urbanism, Azad, Olom va tahghighat
January, 2007
 
master of architecture; phd of urbanism, professor assistant of architecture & art faculty, azad university, tehran markaz branch
 

Abstract

Culture is the method of living, so every thing that related to human life is culture. The ‎concept of culture used in this research is human wrights and social democracy. The main ‎question is about asking the way interaction figuring in public space in historic setting. ‎Therefore, the area of case study is Tehran historic settings, which contains the region ‎‏12‏‎, ‎and part of ‎‏11‏‎ and ‎‏13‏‎.
The main purpose of research is recognizing the cultural and social ‎problem of urban space for converting to public sphere. ‎
Main question: What is the role of urban space in cultural development of historic setting? ‎
Main hypothese: If the urban space could change to public sphere, it would have the ‎critical role in cultural development. It means that if public space could create the physical ‎presence without social segregation and generates social – political action and figure out ‎social communicative network, therefore it could have the role of public sphere. ‎
There are different attitudes about urban space, such as cultural development that is ‎related to our perception of space. Therefore, we choose a social – place view, which ‎contains two dimensions of space – physical and mental – and putting them together. This ‎view helps us to recognize the structure of place and its effect on social context. So space ‎have studied in three scale of personal space, encounter space and public sphere. The main ‎concepts related to latter items are existence, communicative action and social act, crime ‎and barbarian, social segregation and dissociation, and social capital.‎
The methodology of research is testing theory and the techniques used for testing ‎hypotheses are based on statistical models. Measurement’s Instruments are mostly ‎qualitative and because of this the level of measurement are nominal and ordinal. Testing ‎each hypothesis contains two parts. The part one is presenting descriptive statistics by ‎cross tab, frequency, and explorer and descriptive cartographical model by using point ‎density and network analysis in GIS. The part two is testing hypotheses by using statistical ‎texts as, chi square, phi, Cramer’s V for nominal, and spearman’s correlation for ordinal. ‎
The conclusion of research shows that the public spaces which have been tested, need the ‎people who could feel the coexistence of other people in space to generate social network. ‎Public spaces should contain the people who present in spaces not only for labor and for ‎work, but also for the action that interrelated the people who exist in space. At last, the ‎historic context should have the background of public life and social capital to figuring ‎democratic social in public space and existence of cultural-physical capital is not enough ‎for cultural development. ‎
The result of research about second hypothesis shows that; social behavior and ‎commercial treatment more than cultural industry figuring spaces and make the picture of ‎space. It seems that the mental space that should has been shaped by intellectuals, has ‎been lost and because of this cultural – physical elements or physical arts have not the ‎potential of making space.‎
The conclusion of research about third hypothesis shows that, crime is an important ‎feature for making the picture of space; but it doesn’t reduce the safety of space and also ‎the barbarian that contain unsocial behavior, more than crime reduce the symbolic ‎accessibility. ‎
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