Background: Unintentional drowning is the leading cause of death for children younger than 5 years old. A bucket is one of the most common water container in which children can drown. The objective of this work was to evaluate the base diameter of a bucket and the necessary force to shed it.
Methods: This was an experimental study. We used six galvanized buckets of different diameters. Each selected bucket was pulled using a pulley with other buckets full of water until the water spilled out. The statistical analysis was done by linear regression with p<0.05 as statistically significant.
Results: This research shows a direct relation between the wide base diameter (in a bucket 23 cm high, 25 cm rim, with a 20 cm water depth) and the strength required to spill the liquid contents (β = 1.21; x = diameter of the base in centimeters; α = ‑14.59; r = 0.99 and p < 0.001).
Conclusions: We conclude that the bucket structure could determine the risk of child drowning. The risk could increase directly as its base width increases.
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