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Ajit Shah

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Two recent studies reported a curvilinear (U-shaped) between elderly suicide rates and educational attainment measured by the United Nation’s Education Index. A study examining the curvilinear (U-shaped) relationship between elderly suicide rates and the individual components of the Education Index (adult literacy rate, percentage of children of relevant age group enrolled in primary schools and percentage of children of relevant age group enrolled for secondary schools) and one other measure of educational attainment (youth literacy rate) was undertaken to partial out the effects of the individual components of Education Index on elderly suicides. METHODS: A cross-national study examining the relationship between elderly suicide rates (Y-axis) and different measures of educational attainment (X-axis) was undertaken using data from the World Health Organization and the United Nations data banks using Curve estimation regression models. RESULTS: The relationship between elderly suicide rates with the adult literacy rate, the percentage of children of relevant age group enrolled for secondary schools and the youth literacy rate was curvilinear (U-shaped curve). This relationship was absent with the percentage of children of relevant age group enrolled in primary schools. CONCLUSIONS: Given the cross-sectional study design, a causal relationship between elderly suicide rates and measures of educational attainment, including the adult literacy rate, the percentage of children of relevant age group enrolled for secondary schools and the youth literacy rate, cannot be assumed. However, the findings suggest that future studies of elderly suicide rates and educational attainment should focus on the adult literacy rate, the percentage of children of relevant age group enrolled for secondary schools and the youth literacy rate as measures of educational attainment.

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How to Cite
SHAH, Ajit. The relationship between elderly suicide rates and different components of education: a cross-national study. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 52-57, may 2010. ISSN 2008-4072. Available at: <http://jivresearch.org/jivr/index.php/jivr/article/view/75>. Date accessed: 15 dec. 2017.
Keywords
elderly suicides, suicide rates, education
Section
Original Research Article

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