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Kathryn H. Howell Sarah E. Barnes Laura E. Miller Sandra A. Graham-Bermann

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive problem impacting individuals around the globe. The consequences of IPV extend beyond the adults in the relationship, as children witness a significant proportion of such violence. Exposure to IPV during childhood has devastating effects across multiple domains of functioning. METHODS: This article reviews empirical studies of the effects of exposure to IPV by developmental stage.  RESULTS: the psychological, social, physical, and cognitive consequences of witnessing IPV are examined across development; from the impact of prenatal exposure to effects in infancy and toddlerhood, the preschool years, school-aged children, and adolescence. CONCLUSIONS: The review concludes by providing suggestions for future research based on the identified developmental variations, recommendations for developmentally-sensitive interventions for children who have witnessed IPV, and directions for policy to address the issue of violence exposure early in the lives of children.  © 2014 KUMS, All rights reserved

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How to Cite
HOWELL, Kathryn H. et al. Developmental variations in the impact of intimate partner violence exposure during childhood. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 1, p. 43-57, oct. 2014. ISSN 2008-4072. Available at: <http://jivresearch.org/jivr/index.php/jivr/article/view/663>. Date accessed: 13 dec. 2017.
Keywords
domestic violence; IPV; witnessed violence; children; review
Section
Review Article

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