Alireza Ahmadi David C. Schwebel Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi Kobra Taliee Hosein Karim Reza Mohammadi


Objective: Despite considerable loss of life by deliberate self-burning in Arab countries, few scholars have examined psychiatric factors such as adverse life events that may be related to self-immolation.

Methods: This case-control study investigated adverse life-events as risk factors for self-immolation patients admitted to a burn center serving the western region of Iran. Variables investigated included the following adverse life-events: unplanned pregnancy, infertility, homelessness, financial hardship, problems with friends, intimate relationship break-up , school or university  failure, anxiety about school/university performance, problems at work, personal history of suicide attempts, family history of suicide attempts, individual history of mental disorders, and malignant disease.

Results: Financial hardship (OR = 3.35, 95% CI =1.19-9.90), intimate relationship break-up (OR = 5.45, 95% CI = 1.20-11.99), and personal history of suicide attempts (OR= 7.00, 95% CI = 1.38-35.48) were associated with increased risk of self-immolation.

Conclusion: This study suggests that financial hardship, intimate relationship break-ups, and

Personal history of suicide attempts are risk factors for self-immolation. Other variables studied did not play a role as individually protective or risk factors for self-immolation.


Further study is needed to substantiate findings of this study and direct research toward tailoring culturally sensitive, empirically-supported interventions for prevention of self-immolation.


How to Cite
AHMADI, Alireza et al. Self-immolation and its adverse life-events risk factors: results from an Iranian population. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 13-18, dec. 2014. ISSN 2008-4072. Available at: <http://jivresearch.org/jivr/index.php/jivr/article/view/549>. Date accessed: 22 oct. 2018.
self-immolation;adverse life-events; risk factors
Original Research Article

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