Background and Objectives: Spine injury is among damages that may cause a lot of disabilities and even lead to death. According to international statistics, about 2% to 6% of all trauma cases are related to spine injuries. The incidence of spine injuries may be very different in different countries. Despite the extensive studies in developed countries, there is not enough information on spine injuries in Third World Countries, including Iran. The present study has been designed to examine the patients referred to the Taleghani Hospital in Kermanshah (Iran) which is the main trauma center in the west of Iran.
Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive analytical study. Data on all patients with spinal injury diagnosis referred to Taleghani Hospital in Kermanshah was extracted from patient records. Information on age, gender, occupation, education level, anatomic location of injury, accident type and geographic location of the incident were entered into SPSS software. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics methods.
Results: The statistical population of the study consisted of 300 persons, of which 170 were male and the rest were female. The mean age of men and women was 40 ± 12 and 50 ± 10 years, respectively. In total, 35.4% of patients were housewives, 15.3% unemployed, 14.1% employees and others had other jobs. In total, 188 cases of spine injuries were because of falling, 92 cases because of car accidents, and 20 cases were because of street fights. In this study, 160 cases suffered from the lumbar vertebrae fracture, 82 cases suffered from thoracic vertebrae fracture and 58 cases had cervical vertebrae fracture. In total, 76% of the damage occurred in the urban areas and the rest were in rural areas.
Conclusion: Considering the increasing trend of accidents, especially road accidents in Iran, it seems that the number of spine fracture cases had a progressive trend in recent years. Given the high rate of disability and death in such cases, it seems that more attention must be paid toward preventive measures for all spinal injuries levels.
Copyright. In accordance with Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (released June 20, 2003, available from: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/bethesda.htm), all works published in JIVR are open access and are immediately available to anyone on the website of the journal without cost. JIVR is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.