Background and Objective: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common problem worldwide that most of traumatic patients suffer from mental and cognitive disorders. The most common trait of this disorder, defined by computed tomography (CT) scan is small hemorrhagic lesions in cerebral white matter of the patient. These hemorrhagic lesions seem to be an effective factor for occurrence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder patients.
So far, several diagnostic modalities such as T2GE and T2SE have been employed to detect these lesions.
The present study aims to compare the diagnostic efficacy of these two sequences for detection of brain hemorrhagic lesions in patients with a history of head trauma that have neuropsychiatric symptoms. Abnormal findings in the images obtained by T2SE and T2GE sequences of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in chronic traumatic brain lesions.
Material and Method: Thirty patients with a history of head trauma, referred to neurosurgery department because of neuropsychiatric symptoms (PTSD) were prospectively assessed using MRI. Then, the correlation between the findings of T2GE and T2SE sequences and patient’s clinical symptoms were analyzed by Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test (all the patients had these symptoms at least three months after head trauma).
Findings: The T2GE sequence showed a significant higher diagnostic efficacy (p<0/01) indicating 80% of patients had hemorrhagic lesions, compared to theT2SE sequence detecting in just 23% of patients.
Therefore, the T2GE is significantly better than T2SE in detecting the cause of clinical symptoms in traumatic patients (p<0/01).Conclusion: The T2GE sequence showed a higher diagnostic efficacy, compared to the T2SE, for evaluating the neuropsychiatric symptoms in chronic traumatic patients with a previous history of head trauma. So this sequence could play a major role in diagnosis and treatment of PTSD patients especially in their legal problems. Based on the findings of the present study, it is recommended that T2GE sequence of MRI can be a reliable method for evaluation of chronic traumatic patients.
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