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Roya Amini Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai Masoud Khodaveisi http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4635-175X Shirin Gorjian Ali Reza Soltanian

Abstract

Background: Sleep quality is one of the main human factors related to urban road traffic crashes. This study aimed at determining the relationship between sleep quality and road traffic crashes in urban drivers.


Methods: This correlational study was conducted in Hamadan, a city located in the western part of Iran. The study samples consisted of 309 Hamadan drivers (i.e., 103 with road traffic crashes (RTCs) and 206 without RTCs), who were referred to police centers to change or renew their driving licenses. The data collection tool was a two-part questionnaire including demographic information and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The questionnaire was filled out in a self-administered manner. Statistical analysis was done using the SPSS-16 software and applying logistic regression, Fisher’s exact test, and Chi-square test.


Results: The comparison of sleep quality scores between two groups, using the adjusted logistic regression test, showed a statistically significant difference between them (P = 0.019). This means that the sleep quality of drivers without RTCs was 1.8 times better than drivers with RTCS (OR=1.8; 95% CI, 1.1 - 3.07).


Conclusions: There was a significant association between poor sleep quality and the occurrence of RTCS in urban drivers. As a result, it is recommended paying more attention to the sleep quality of urban drivers to prevent and control RTCs.

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How to Cite
AMINI, Roya et al. The relationship between sleep quality and road traffic crashes of urban drivers in Hamadan, Iran. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 1, dec. 2019. ISSN 2008-4072. Available at: <http://jivresearch.org/jivr/index.php/jivr/article/view/1262>. Date accessed: 21 jan. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v12i1.1262.
Section
Original Research Article

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