Anne Abio http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4568-3509 Jurdas Sezirahiga Laura E. Davis Michael L. Wilson


Background: The present study investigated the social and behavioral correlates of substance use, specifically bang or cocaine or similar drugs among a school-based sample of adolescents in a low-income urban setting

Methods: The study utilized data on 2,176 school-attending adolescents aged 11-16 years in Dar es Salaam (DES) to examine social and behavioral correlates for lifetime substance use. The correlates under investigation included, demographic - age and gender; social - poverty, parent-adolescent relationship; behavioral – truancy, aggressive behavior, injury risk; psychological - depression and suicide ideation. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were then carried out on several variables identified from the 2006 Tanzanian Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) questionnaire.

Results: Approximately seven percent of school-attending adolescents (n=144) reported having used an illicit substance at least once during their lifetime. After adding significantly associated covariates into a logistic regression model, we found that only truancy [OR= 2.29 (CI=1.07 – 4.90)], suicide ideation [OR=4.36 (2.32 – 8.19)] and parents who had checked their adolescents' homework (OR=0.56 (CI=0.32 – 1.00)] were significantly associated with reported substance use.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that health promotion programs should simultaneously target multiple factors associated with substance use behaviors among school-attending adolescents in Dar es Salaam. They should take into account the range of psychosocial characteristics of school-attending adolescents which may be impacted by or result from substance use.


How to Cite
ABIO, Anne et al. Substance use and sociodemographic correlates among adolescents in a low-income sub Saharan setting. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 1, p. 21-27, nov. 2019. ISSN 2008-4072. Available at: <http://jivresearch.org/jivr/index.php/jivr/article/view/1195>. Date accessed: 11 aug. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v12i1.1195.
Original Research Article

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