David C. Schwebel Dehran Swart


Paraffin (called kerosene in North America and other parts of the world) is the most commonly used fuel in ‎non-electrified dwellings worldwide.  It is especially popular in Africa and South Asia.   Although paraffin ‎offers many advantages – especially its comparatively low cost to produce – it poses two major risks of ‎injury.  First, paraffin poisoning is common, either through ingestion or through inhalation of smoke and ‎fumes.  Second, paraffin is highly flammable, and poses fire risk through multiple causes.  This commentary ‎discusses strategies to prevent paraffin-related injury.  Prevention of paraffin-related injury must be through ‎multiple strategies, and should include policy-oriented change, changes to the safety of home environments, ‎and behavioral changes targeting how individuals store and use paraffin and paraffin appliances.  We review ‎successful prevention strategies in each of these domains and discuss appropriate research and community ‎initiatives that should be implemented to improve paraffin safety among at-risk populations.


How to Cite
SCHWEBEL, David C.; SWART, Dehran. Preventing paraffin-related injury. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 3-5, feb. 2009. ISSN 2008-4072. Available at: <http://jivresearch.org/jivr/index.php/jivr/article/view/1>. Date accessed: 21 july 2018.
Paraffin; Injury; Safety

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